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Oct-28-2010 01:10printcomments

Scholarship, Scams and Credentials in an Academic House of Cards

The Contrasting Styles of Michael Shermer and David Ray Griffin...

From bottom left: Hitchins, Shermer and Junger

(VICTORIA, B.C.) - Fake and Real: As we continue our decline into the superstitious darkness of the 9/11 Wars, the media blackout of most truths is becoming more and more obvious every day. The info-entertainment cartels are becoming increasingly desperate for content that offers pseudo-truths in pretty commercial wrappings.

In this realm of constructed mythology, actors are hired to play roles in a fake drama designed to divert attention from the war machine’s domination of virtually every facet our global political economy.

Cast in the role of fake left wingers in a fake discourse constructed to wed public consciousness to the political needs of the war machine, we are pointed at pundits who clear the way for the growth of the privatized terror economy. Prominent among them are Sebastien Junger, Christopher Hitchins and Michael Shermer. Let me address the very surprising case of Michael Shermer and the controversy swirling around the nature of his professional relationship with Claremont Graduate University and a number of brand name media venues like TED, Scientific American and the Charlie Rose Show.

I first became vaguely aware of Michael Shermer in 2008 after various factors converged in a way that forced me to examine the available evidence on the background, substance and outgrowths of what transpired in New York, Washington and a field in Pennsylvania on September 11, 2001. Like many others who have navigated through the masses of information available on the subject, my survey of primary sources and the secondary literature on 9/11 led me to the unnerving conclusion that virtually every facet of the official conspiracy theory produced within hours of the attacks cannot stand up to close scrutiny. I discuss the interpretive controversies concerning 9/11 in my recent peer-reviewed text, Earth into Property, published by McGill-Queen’s University Press.

The devastating realization that the largest part of the reportage on 9/11 forms the basis of a huge fraud led me to search like a detective for academic figures willing to defend all aspects of a story that is essentially a primal myth constructed to justify the growing aggressions of the world’s dominant war machine. Michael Shermer was one of the few intellectual workers I could identify who seemed ready and willing to defend all elements, large and small, of the official conspiracy theory. There the matter rested until, after a duration of more than two years, I saw a poster at my place of employment, the University of Lethbridge, indicating that Michael Shermer would be coming to give a public lecture. The poster identified our guest as the publisher of Skeptic Magazine, Executive Director of the Skeptics Society and Adjunct Professor of Economics at Claremont Graduate University.

The reference to Claremont immediately caught my attention. Since 1973, Claremont has been the teaching and research home of Professor (and now Professor Emeritus), David Ray Griffin. Professor Griffin is widely viewed as the most credible and prolific critic of the official conspiracy theory of 9/11. An accomplished and respected theologian, Professor Griffin founded with Professor John B. Cobb the Centre for Process Studies. It is devoted to applying the philosophy of Alfred North Whitehead. After winning international acclaim in his field, Professor Griffin changed focus to author ten books detailing the specifics of what the evidence does and does not support concerning the events of 9/11. In my estimation the huge significance of Professor Griffin’s monumental contributions to 9/11 studies is yet to be fully recognized and appreciated. The larger meanings of his pioneering efforts of investigative digging will probably not be fully grasped for many years to come. Of even greater importance than the proofs of fraud assembled by Professor Griffin, however, is the beacon that this man’s life of erudition provides to illuminate the scholarly ideal that universities must be places whose highest mission is to seek and identify the substance of truth, no matter how inconvenient the uncovered truths might be to those in positions of great power.

Michael Shermer’s approach to education marks a striking contrast to that of Professor Griffin. Where Professor Griffin seeks unrelentingly to speak truth to power, the largest part of Shermer’s oeuvre can be seen as an effort to flatter power, to serve power, and to cover over the darker side of power’s workings. In the tradition of P.T. Barnum, Shermer essentially acts as a new kind of intellectual circus performer, presenting psychological tricks and slights of hand as if these gimmicks were the outcome of genuine scholarly inquiry. His main technique is to finesse an agenda of anti-skepticism in the name of skepticism. His priority seems to be to discredit the works of true skeptics whose quests for deeper truths often cause them to dig beneath the superficialities of commonly-held orthodoxies.

Where Professor Griffin has situated his professional life at the core of the academy, Michael Shermer dances around the periphery of the academy using it primarily as a prop to promote the impression that his media circus flows from a culture of higher learning. Shermer thrives most robustly in the milieu of TV performance. Among his venues of performance are Larry King, Oprah, Lezza, Unsolved Mysteries, 20/20, The Colbert Report, and the pseudo-intellectual digital platform, TED. Scientific American regularly publishes Shermer’s columns where this commentator assures his readers, for instance, that there are no public health problems that arise from the use of cell phones and that the world’s poor are doing better than ever before.

Public Performance, Public Intervention

On September 23, 2010 I invited my graduate student, Joshua Blakeney, to attend the Shermer presentation at our university. I suggested he bring our video equipment just in case something significant was to transpire. Joshua has taken both of my courses in Globalization Studies. In them I emphasize the importance of using New Media on the Internet to advance public education in democratic ways. I try to use the Internet, a primary medium of globalization, to advance a global discussion on the evolution of world history. Joshua’s proposed MA thesis topic concerns academic debates on the origins of the Global War on Terror. As we both have come to understand through our reading of the works of, for instance, professors Griffin, Peter Dale Scott, Graeme MacQueen, John McMurtry, Paul Zarembka, Michel Chossudovsky, Stephen Jones, Michael Keefer, Michael Truscello, Richard Falk, Niels Harrit, and Mark Crispin Miller, the Global War on Terror was declared by the US executive branch in the name an unproven and implausible interpretation of what happened on 9/11.

I was not prepared for the virulence of Shermer’s verbal attacks on the wide array of targets he groups together with his McCarthyesque tactics of guilt by association. Shermer places a tent of his own imagination over a vast array of thinkers who have addressed a broad number of issues. Rather than dealing with individual thinkers as such, or dealing with the specific elements of this or that contention, hypothesis or theory, Shermer simply groups together the targets of his ridicule as an undifferentiated mass of “conspiracy theorists.” For Shermer conspiracy theorists include all those who question the lone gunman theory concerning the assassination of US President John F. Kennedy, those who believe that the US moon landing was a staged event, those who address the possibility that Earth has been visited by creatures from outer space, and those who challenge various aspects of the government interpretation of what happened on 9/11. As he conflates all these issues, Shermer projects multiple power point slides showing images of human brains. These images seemed to me to be calculated to convey the message that mental illness forms the common denominator of those Shermer collectively condemns as crazed conspiracy theorists.

Shermer does major violence to the laws of evidence and proof by making vast and unsubstantiated generalizations about so-called conspiracy theorists rather than addressing the diversity of good, bad, or indifferent work done by thousands of investigators exploring scores of circumscribed problems. Shermer’s circus of pseudo-skepticism sets a terrible example for students and junior researchers. They would and should be blocked from advancing up the ladder of professional scholarship if they were to replicate Shermer’s unique brand of materialist evangelization aimed at turning the zeal of his converts against the demonized others. The complex of alleged connections said to link all thinkers with whom Shermer disagrees draws vital intellectual energies away from the tried and true methodology of setting out specific research problems that are narrowly enough defined to be comprehensively addressed with careful reference to relevant academic literature.

Shermer adds insult to injury when he indicates that all those addressing subjects that he has decided are closed to further critical examination belong in the same category as Holocaust Deniers. Here Shermer really crosses the line from mere malevolence into outright slander. As I see it this despicable smear tactic, one too frequently deployed in the effort to discredit those calling attention to certain categories of human rights violation, demeans and exploits the horrific legacy of the Nazi efforts to annihilate European Jewry. Such semantic abuses do severe injustice to the sanctity of the memory of a terrible event in history that illustrates the depths of depravity to which human beings are capable of stooping.

In the question and answer period I intervened from the floor of a very large lecture hall. Unfortunately, those who planned the event at the University of Lethbridge opted not to provide a microphone for audience responses so I found it necessary to make my views known in a loud tone of voice. I drew attention to the work of Claremont’s David Ray Griffin and to my impression that Shermer could not have read the work of his Claremont colleague I stated my view that Shermer’s presentation, entitled “Why People Believe Weird Things,” was a disgrace to the academy. I stick by those words still.

My intervention for the most part met with ridicule and hostility from much of the audience, many of whose members were induced by Shermer’s demagoguery to adopt a kind of vigilante posture towards anybody associated with the taint of conspiracy theorist as determined by the pseudo-skeptical guru. In the midst of my intervention from the floor Shermer, who had the advantage of being able to amplify his words thoughts through a PA system made available to him but not to his interlocutors, challenged me to say who I thought was responsible for the 9/11 attacks. He challenged me right there and then to outline in a few seconds a whole alternative scenario to the government cover story that Osama bin Laden and nineteen Saudis led the attack equipped with nothing but box cutters, a smattering of flight training, and a heavy baggage of jihadist zeal. I did not take the bait. In my view it was quite enough to advance the point that the official conspiracy theory has been exposed as a fraud through the diligent work of Professor Griffin and thousands of others investigators in the most elaborate citizens’ investigation ever mounted. I chose not to elaborate my own opinion that much of the available evidence, incomplete and imperfect as it may be at this time, points towards former Vice-President Richard Cheney as suspect number one when it comes to the lies and crimes of 9/11.

Joshua filmed parts of the proceedings including my exchange with Shermer. Joshua then passed me the camera so I could record my graduate student’s own public intervention, including his request that Shermer prove his claims that he had read all the works of David Ray Griffin by naming the title of even one of his Claremont colleague’s publications. Shermer could not or would not name even one of Professor Griffin’s 9/11 books, let alone go into specifics about even one of the particular topics addressed in each of the ten volumes.

The whole experience left me less poised than I would have liked. A surge of indignation quelled up from deep inside me as I tried to take the measure of such an extravagant display of smear and disinformation hosted by my own university. At one point Shermer threatened from the podium to throw me out of the building personally, a comment that elicited approving applause from many members of the audience including from at least one former Associate Dean. Hours later I found on the Internet the text of three tweets Shermer had made following his Lethbridge talk,. In one of them the visiting Californian boasts about his threat to physically remove me from my own school. At 8:10 am on 24 September, 2010 Shermer declared to his 8,000 followers on Twitter, “To stop 9/11 truther I said to Hall, ‘Do we need to call local security or do I need to come up there and throw you out myself.’ Shut him up.”

In spite of the intervention of campus security following my remarks from the floor I held my ground and eventually my tongue until the end of this difficult event. Joshua and I then parted company. Within about six hours Joshua had posted a You Tube on the episode with a voice track giving his very instructive interpretation of what had transpired. The You Tube was initially swarmed by the group Shermer had alerted on Twitter. He obviously is able to rally a network of supporters who will take Shermer’s side in Internet exchanges. The webmaster of the Skeptic Magazine site immediately published a link to the item Joshua had just produced. In the days that followed Joshua’s You Tube, posted on the channel, Globalization 1492, was greeted with thousands of hits and hundreds of comments in the discussion forum attending the digital publication.

Checking Credentials, Courting Controversy

My initial thought even before leaving the lecture hall was that Michael Shermer must not be subject to the usual discipline of peer review from academic colleagues. In the days that followed I felt compelled to investigate more. I was drawn to do more research into the background of the spectacle I had just witnessed. In Googling various web pages published by the Claremont Graduate University I came across a list of Adjunct Professors of Economics. Shermer was not on that list. After making this discovery I wrote an E-Mail to Dr. Jean Shroedel, Dean of Claremont’s School of Politics and Economics. Quite quickly Dean Shroedel wrote back to me, indicating tersely that she had “no idea” who this man Shermer is.

Then I wrote to Joseph C. Hough Jr., Interim President of Claremont Graduate University. On October 11, 2010 in an E-Mail to me Claremont’s current president wrote,

Dear Professor Hall,

I did not know anything about Professor Shermer until I received your email and did some quick research. Michael Shermer assists Professor Paul Zak of the Economics department in an occasional course in the transdisciplinary studies program of the University. He does not hold any term or permanent appointment in the University.

As the temperature of controversy rose, Michael Shermer and Joshua Blakeney engaged in some direct exchanges. Those E-Mail exchanges included the following comment from Shermer, dated Oct. Oct. 10

I have read "some" of Griffin's work, and when I say (as I did) that I've read "all" of the 9/11 literature, I don't mean that literally--I've read enough of it to know what the major arguments are and to know that it is easily the goofiest belief I have encountered in my 25 years of skeptical inquiry, stranger even than Holocaust denial. Anthony Hall makes Ernst Zündle seem like a paragon of reason and logic. And you can quote me on that.

Notice that Shermer changes his focus in mid-sentence from the topic of “major arguments” to the topic of “belief.” Although they are connected, they two are different things. All “arguments” are in an instant transformed by Shermer into the stuff of a single belief that can be encompassed by the word, “it.” At no point in his presentation nor in his written communication does Shermer actually address the substance of even one argument advanced by Professor Griffin in his ten books on a great variety of topics involving myriad aspects of what happened in the air and on the ground on 9/11.

One does not require a Ph.D. to appreciate Shermer’s malevolent intent in grouping my work together with that of the notorious Ernst Zundel. I invite Michael Shermer and his fellow pseudo-skeptics to explore the chapters in Earth into Property where I address various aspects of the Holocaust particularly, and of genocide more generally. Following the work of Max Wallace, Edwin Black and many other scholars, I emphasize the supportive role in the Nazi war on European Jews of individual industrials like Henry Ford, or of US-based industrial cartels such as IBM and Standard Oil of New Jersey. In chapter 5 I highlight the importance of the international connections of the IG Farben conglomerate in setting in motion the events that transformed Auschwitz from an industrial installation for the production of airplane fuel into a full-fledged factory of mass extermination.

In this round of communication Joshua also received the following E-Mail from Michael Shermer making the weird suggestion that his inability to document the credentials he claims somehow demonstrates he could not be on the pay roll of the CIA. Neither Joshua nor I had ever accused Shermer of working for, or being funded by, branches of the national security state. Nevertheless, the object of our investigative work decided to make the following assertion:

If I am, as some have suspected, an agent of disinformation for the U.S. government to divert attention away from the real 9/11 conspiracy, then you would think that they would have provided me with paperwork documenting my adjunct professorship, not to mention my doctorate. I have nothing to send you in that regard. I trust you will take my word for it.

- Michael Shermer

- Skeptic Magazine

- Skeptics Society

- 2761 N. Marengo Ave.

- Altadena, CA 91001

- 626/794-3119


Joshua and I shared some of these letters with interested parties. One of them observed that somebody was responding to our interventions by changing Shermer’s CV and his Wiki article, dropping the phrase “of Economics” from the description of the pseudo-skeptic as Adjunct Professor. We also noticed that the web page announcing Shermer’s talk at the University of Lethbridge had been revised. A new element was added in red print near the top of the relevant page. It announced, “This notice is from the archives of the Notice Board. Information contained in this notice was accurate at the time of publication but may no longer be so.” Was the advertised information really correct at the time of publication? Before he gave his talk on September 23, was Shermer Adjunct Professor of Economics?

Adjunct Professor of What?

As his CV demonstrates, Michael Shermer makes ample use of the phrase, Adjunct Professor, to describe his career. He asserts, for instance, that he was Adjunct Professor in the History of Science at Occidental College between 1989 and 1999. He claims to have been Adjunct Professor in the History of Science at California State University in Los Angeles between 1991 and 1993. The job of Adjunct Professor should be understood as involving considerably less commitment to the academy than that of full-time faculty members. The following explanation from the wiseGEEK website helps explain what is and isn’t involved:

For a university, there are a number of advantages to hiring an adjunct professor. Because an adjunct professor is viewed as temporary, for example, a university can hire a part timer for a single semester to expand its course offerings or to meet student demand for a program which does not have enough staff. Because adjunct professors do not have tenure or other rights, a university can also easily get rid of a professor who does not perform to the university's standard: all the school has to do is decline to renew the professor's contract.

In addition to being essentially disposable in the eyes of many educational institutions, adjunct faculty are also much less costly to hire. They are not entitled to benefits such as health care and retirement plans, and they are usually not given offices. Adjunct professors who do have office space typically have to share the space with other faculty. Most are paid by the unit, and their teaching loads vary from part-time to overloaded. They also do not have administrative duties, meaning that they do not need to attend faculty meetings and similar events, and most are not required to perform research or to publish work unless they are interested in seeking full time work. Some people actually prefer working as adjunct faculty because they enjoy teaching, but dislike the academic rat race associated with tenure and full time responsibilities.

As best as I can understand it at this point, Shermer’s response to the positions of Dr. Shroedel and Dr. Hough seems to be to admit he has been incorrect in his frequent references to himself as Adjunct Professor of Economics at Claremont. While he has dropped “of Economics” from his self-description, however, he has not backed away from calling himself Adjunct Professor. Shermer’s primary ally and supporter at Claremont is Professor Paul Zak. Professor Zak has been nicknamed Dr. Love at his school for his devotion to the benefits he claims for the hormone oxytocin. In his Claremont biography published by the School of Politics and Economics, Professor Zak is attributed with being instrumental in the invention of the new field of “Neuroeconomics.” In Professor Zak’s world of Neuroeconomics commerce and sex both work best when fuelled by abundant oxytocin. The claim is advanced that “oxytocin allows us to determine who to trust.”

On October 10 Professor Zak wrote to Joshua Blakeney,

Josh, Dr. Shermer is an adjunct Professor in my dept. Please leave me out of all future emails.
Paul Zak

Apparently Shermer has been team teaching with Professor Zak a single course entitled Evolution and Society. The course is part of something called Transdisciplinary Studies. In a Claremont press release dated 29 November 2007, Michael Shermer is referred to as follows:

Though Shermer has over twenty years of experience of collegiate teaching experience, his writing and publishing duties have kept him out of the classroom since 1998. When he remarked to his friend, School of Politics and Economics Professor Paul Zak, that he was itching to return to teaching, the idea of a return to Claremont Graduate University took shape.

“Paul Told me about the transdisciplinary studies program here, and since my work trespasses across so many disciplines, this seemed like a natural fit.”

The project of salvaging Shermer’s reputation as an Adjunct Professor of something at least, if not economics, was joined by my own Dean of Arts and Science at the University of Lethbridge. On October 14 Dean Chris Nicol wrote to me, with a copy to Joshua Blakeney, as follows:

Dr. Wendy Martin, the Vice-Provost and Director, Transdisciplinary Studies at CGU, wrote on October 11, 2010, confirming that the credentials and affiliation of Dr. Shermer are clear, that Dr. Shermer has taught as an adjunct professor for the past two spring semesters at CGU, and that he is currently scheduled to do so again in 2011. Dr. Martin stated that Dr. Shermer is “indeed currently an adjunct at CGU.”

The confusion and conflicting signals concerning the precise nature of Michael Shermer’s relationship with Claremont seems to go on and on. In a recent press release put out by the Claremont Board of Trustees, for instance, Shermer is referred to as a an “alumnus” under a large headline proclaiming, “Paul Zak will make his debut on OWN Network in January.” The press release continues, “SPE professor and chair of the Economics department, Paul Zak, and CGU alumnus Michael Shermer, will be featured on one of the debut programs of the new Oprah Winfrey Network when it debuts in January, 2011.”

Why does the mainstream media pay so much attention to Michael Shermer, a relatively marginal figure in the academy, and ignore the huge contributions of Claremont Professor David Ray Griffin? What trust can we put in some of our key institutions of scholarship and communications when we see basic principles of meritocracy sacrificed in order to serve the expediencies of power?


Anthony J. Hall is a Professor of Globalization Studies at the University of Lethbridge, a public university in the liberal arts tradition, located in Alberta, Canada.

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John Scrivener January 23, 2011 5:52 am (Pacific time)

"At no point in his presentation nor in his written communication does Shermer actually address the substance of even one argument advanced by Professor Griffin in his ten books on a great variety of topics involving myriad aspects of what happened in the air and on the ground on 9/11." The reason why Shermer refuses to address the substance of any argument in relation to the events of 9/11 is most probably that he simply doesn't know anything at all about the issue - all he knows is that it's a conspiracy theory and so that's all he can talk about ... conspiracy theory this, conspiracy theory that, crazy conspiracy theorists theorizing their crazy conspiracy theories, this is all Shermer can say, really. He really needs to be called on that, exposed as clueless and incurious, a naive, gullible dupe ... at best.

Daniel Johnson November 1, 2010 5:51 am (Pacific time)

Shermer and the Skeptics are an offshoot of the original CSICOP (Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal) founded in 1976 by Paul Kurtz, Isaac Asimov, Carl Sagan, Martin Gardner, et al. Asimov, Sagan and Gardner are the three prime suspects in what I call a mixed bag of science nuts. This is not a critique of science per se, but of CSICOP and Skeptic who turn out to be skeptical about everything except their own skepticism.

dcolanduno November 1, 2010 1:57 am (Pacific time)

This all seems a bit as insane as the people who believe that we never went to the Moon, or that the Illuminati is going to implant chips in all of us for fun and profit.

Project October 29, 2010 3:29 am (Pacific time)

Interesting. I will only respond to this: "Why does the mainstream media pay so much attention to Michael Shermer, a relatively marginal figure in the academy, and ignore the huge contributions of Claremont Professor David Ray Griffin? What trust can we put in some of our key institutions of scholarship and communications when we see basic principles of meritocracy sacrificed in order to serve the expediencies of power?"

Hi - can you point to a period in the United States or European History when that was not the case?

Academy has always been in the service of empire in the West ever since Sir Francis Bacon made the funding of science part of the academe to serve empire.

I am eager to know when, i.e., in which epochs, there have been exceptions to the rule that when state power conflicts with the work of academe in some fundamental way, that academe has not followed the expediencies of power but instead followed the hallowed "truths", "justice", and the "American way".

I am sure there must be exceptions.

And I do not consider echoing the axioms of power while challenging its narratives as anything but expedient. That includes 99% of Western dissent, led by people like Noam Chomsky. The illustrious names you have cited, like Jones and Griffin et al., are indeed those rare 1% exception.

For the record, it does not take reading those 1% scholars to know that 911 was an inside job. I knew it the day of 911. All it takes is to use some commonsense, and reading of history. The writing of history did not commense with these scholars.


Zahir Ebrahim

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