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Feb-26-2012 16:12printcomments

Hebron Attacks and More

Popular resistance training in Palestine Monday and Tuesday...

Palestine woman
jauhari.net

(BETHLEHEM) - Below is a test for students of Al-Quds University on the Israel-Palestine conflict. Some of you might want to test your own knowledge :-)

In Hebron last Friday peace activists tried to draw attention to the illegal Apartheid closure of Shuhada street to Palestinians. The soldiers' brutality and arrest of our friend Fadi Quran is shown in this short clip here http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fUeJEUX5Vtc and longer
excerpt here http://on.fb.me/Ad6E4w and story here http://english.alarabiya.net/articles/2012/02/26/197116.html

Monday and Tuesday we will have training for popular resistance in Palestine and I was looking forward to Fadi attending but he is still held (anyone in the area interested to attend the training should email me for details, Arabic only). The last time I spent hours with Fadi was in an Israeli detention facility in Atarot after we tried to ride the settler bus and all six of us were arrested. Fadi like me is also a US citizen but this provides hardly any protection. He can also be held in administrative detention.

Action: Israel apartheid weak
http://endtheoccupation.org/article.php?id=3175

Another BDS victory this time in Naples, Italy
http://stopthattrain.org/?p=599

Veteran reporter and activist Marie Colvin killed in Syria
http://www.counterpunch.org/2012/02/24/marie-colvin-1956-2012/
http://edition.cnn.com/2012/02/26/world/syria-marie-colvin/index.html?hpt=hp_c2
(Colvin graduated from Yale Univesrity where I worked for 5 years and has
lost an eye before in another conflict zone. It is a shame that the human
species still has such conflicts. Violence only begets violence._

A new film to highlight our departed friend and one of the greatest
Palestinian artists, Ismail Shammout
http://www.anafmoreno.com/Bumpy_Road_Films/Ismail.html
Family website http://www.ismail-shammout.com/
-----------------------------


*Human Rights 206- Human Rights and the Israeli Palestinian Conflict*
MIDTERM TEST 1- Prof. Mazin Qumsiyeh, 26 February 2012

1. The first key Zionist who helped establish political Zionist Jewish
communities in Palestine was:
A) David Ben Gurion
B) Edmond de Rothschild
C) Theodore Hertz
D) Leon Pinsker
E) Alfred Dreyfus

2. The Philistines/Filistu/Palestine were first mentioned in
documents/authenticated records:
A) >3000 years ago
B) At the time of Jesus
C) By Aristotle
D) By Roman rulers
E) By Arab travelers in the 6th century AD

3. The first uprising in Palestine against the political Zionist project
was in the year:
A) 1881
B) 1921
C) 1929
D) 1936
E) 1987

4. The first use of armed resistance in Palestine against the Zionist
project and/or its sponsors was in:
A) 1920-1925
B) 1930s
C) 1948
D) 1960s
E) 1970s

5. Martin Buber, Judas Magnes, and Albert Einstein were all
A) Political Zionists
B) Cultural or Religious Zionists
C) Self-hating Jews
D) Israeli academics
E) Supporters of the political Zionist leadership in Palestine

6. The early Canaanites included all these groups except
A) Phoenicians
B) Philistines
C) Nebateans
D) Babylonians
E) Jebusites

7. The total population of Palestine (Christians, Muslims, and Jews) in
1917 was closest to:
A) 700,000
B) 1.5 million
C) 3 million
D) 4 million
E) 5 million

8. The main hardships suffered by the remaining Palestinians inside the new
state of Israel in 1948 include all the following EXCEPT:
A) They were subjected to martial law between 1948-1966
B) Many villages declared "unrecognized" receiving no government services
C) They had much of their remaining land taken from them
D) New discriminatory laws were introduced as well as pressures on school
education
E) They had no legal residency right in the new state of Israel

9. Israel's basic laws include all these laws that discriminate EXCEPT
A) Israeli law of return allowing any Jews to acquire citizenship while
denying it to Palestinian refugees
B) Land laws including absentee property law
C) Press laws
D) Knesset election laws to prevent anti-Zionists from running for election
E) National service laws that favor Jews who serve in the Army

10. Famous Palestinians from 1948 areas include all the following EXCEPT
A) Tawfiq Ziyad
B) Mahmoud Darwish
C) Azmi Bishara
D) Ghassan Kanafani
E) Sheikh Raed Salah

11. The first political organization among 1948 Palestinians after the
foundation of the state of Israel on their lands came under which
ideological system:
A) Communist/socialist
B) Pan-Arab nationalist (Nasserite)
C) Islamist
D) Palestinian nationalist (local)
E) Arab Israeli centrist (local)

12. In 1974, Yasser Arafat addressed the United Nations for the first time.
These factors all likely played a role in his arrival at the UN for the
first time EXCEPT:
A) The PLOs 10 point program of 1974 that allowed a change in International
standing
B) The USA agreed to recognize the PLO after the PLO agreed to recognize
resolution 242 and 338
C) There was a change in geopolitical structure of the Middle East after
the October 1973 war (Egypt and Syria versus Israel)
D) The Arab summit had declared the PLO the sole legitimate representative
of the Palestinians
E) Popular struggle and armed resistance ensured prominence of the
Palestinian cause

13. All of these are recognized key unique Palestinian dates for which
Palestinians hold commemorations EXCEPT:
A) Nakba Day (15 May 1948)
B) Deir Yassin (7 April 1948)
C) Labor Day (1 May 1948)
D) Naksa Day (6 June 1967)
E) Land Day (30 March 1976)

14. All of these actions were forms of non-violent popular resistance in
the 1920s in Palestine EXCEPT
A) Demonstrations
B) Petitions
C) Boycotts
D) Strikes and Economic disruptions
E) Defacing the British issued currency

15. All of these are characteristics of the UN Partition plan of 1947 EXCEPT
A) It allocated more lands for the "Jewish state" than the "Arab State"
B) It had provisions for removal of villages to make the two countries more
uniform
C) It was issued when Palestine had 2/3rd of its population Christian and
Muslim (1/3rd Jewish)
D) It proposed Internationalizing Jerusalem area
E) It was adopted after much pressure from the USA administration
(President Harry Truman)

16. The Palestinian Refugee rights (and/or refugee rights in general) are
recognized in all these documents except
A) UN General Assembly Resolution 194
B) Universal Declaration of Human Rights
C) Hague and Geneva Conventions
D) UN Security Council Resolution 242
E) The Oslo accords

17. What was on the minds of refugees immediately after their expulsion
from Palestine?
A) Survival (food and shelter)
B) Getting back home
C) Political organization
D) A and B
E) A, B, and C

18. Today the largest numbers of Palestinians in the world are where?
A) In historic Palestine
B) In Jordan
C) In Lebanon
D) In Syria
E) In South America

19. Every date in our history (even tragedies) had both positive aspects or
outcomes and negative. Please mention one negative and one positive aspect
for each of those events. Try not to include the obvious- a massacre
obviously has people killed so that is negative. I am looking for
thoughtful informed answers that show you were reading, listening, and
analyzing.
A) The 1936-1939 uprising
Negative
Positive

B) The Naksa of 1967
Negative
Positive

C) The 1982 Sabra and Shatila Massacre
Negative
Positive

20. Give the Palestinian versus the Israeli Zionist positions on these
topics (argue the case from each perspective) and what does International
law say about it
A) On the right of Palestinian refugees to return
Palestinian Position
Israeli Zionist position
International law position

B) On Israel as "a Jewish state"
Palestinian Position
Israeli Zionist position
International law position

21. The transition from Ottoman Rule to British rule in Palestine after the
end of World War 1 was a dramatic shift for the Palestinian society.
Mention at least four such changes that impacted life negatively for the
Palestinian natives. (A sentence or two on each)

22. List at least three possible contributing factors or hypotheses to
explain why the British government decided to issue the Balfour Declaration
2 November 1917.

23. I do not expect you to have memorized PLO charter articles but can you
state two points to prove the thesis/theory that the text of the PLO
charter was highly influenced by the politics and narrative of exile
(having been written by those in exile!).

Bonus 1: What was the impact of the Oslo accords (1993) on the Palestinians
inside the Green line (1948 areas)?

Bonus 2: The Balfour declaration said that while it supports "a national
home for the Jewish people in Palestine" it should be understood that
"nothing will be done to jeopardize the civil and religious rights of the
non-Jewish communities in Palestine". Why did Palestinians complain about
this language?

___________________________________

Mazin Qumsiyeh, PhD - Popular Committee to Defend Ush Ghrab (PCDUG) "A Bedouin in Cyberspace, a villager at home. Mazin has been an Associate Professor of Genetics; Director, Cytogenetics Laboratory at Yale University School of Medicine since 1999. He previously held a similar position at Duke University. Professor Qumsiyeh has authored over 110 scientific papers in areas of mammalogy, biology, and medicine including mammalian biology and evolution, clinical genetics, and cancer research. He has published over 100 letters to the editor and 30 op-ed pieces in International, national, regional and local papers on issues ranging from politics to environmental issues. His appearances in national media included the Washington Post, New York Times, Boston Globe, CNBC, C-Span, and ABC, among others. He is the founder and president of the Holy Land Conservation Foundation and ex-President of the Middle East Genetics Association, and Prof. Qumsiyeh won the Jallow activism award from the Arab American Anti-Discrimination Committee in 1998. He is author of “Sharing the Land of Canaan: Human rights and the Israeli/Palestinian Struggle” and just published “Popular Resistance in Palestine: A history of Hope and Empowerment.” Visit Mazin Qumsiyeh's amazing and informative Website to learn more: qumsiyeh.org.





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